Zereshk, most widely known in Middle Eastern cuisine, especially in Iranian dishes have a host of other uses too. However, these mild, slightly sweet, tangy little berries are wonderful in rice dishes, couscous & casseroled chicken recipes.
They are a delicious addition to homemade mincemeat at Christmas and stuffings for roasted meats. Furthermore , try a handful mixed in with your breakfast muesli or yoghurt, alternatively incorporate them into muffins or desserts. In addition , they are rich in Vitamin C
Zereshk is a bush native to Europe, Asia, the Middle East, and North Africa that’s been naturalized to many regions of North America. But the herb also has a long history as a folk remedy for digestive disorders, including constipation, diarrhea, dyspepsia, heartburn, and loss of appetite. It was thought to increase the flow bile, which is why people use it for liver and gallbladder problems. Topically it was recommended to treat skin conditions like eczema, psoriasis, and acne, as well as minor wounds.
The active constituents in zereshk are thought to be the isoquinoline alkaloids, particularly berberine. Alkaloids are a class of naturally occurring organic nitrogen-containing bases; other well-known alkaloids include morphine, strychnine, quinine, ephedrine, and nicotine. The alkaloids in zereshk are found in the root, rhizome, and stem bark of the plant. Other herbs that contain berberine are goldenseal (which has a higher concentration of berberine than barberry), the Chinese herb Coptis, and Oregon grape.
Though there are studies of berberine that may apply to zereshk, evidence for any health benefits for barberry is extremely weak. Any benefit likely relies on the fact that it contains zereshk , for which medical uses are being use.
Taking 0.9 grams of zereshk a day reduces systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure.